The influence of thyroid disorders upon the female reproductive function. modern possibilities of phytotherapy

В. І. Паньків

Abstract


The article summarizes information on aspects of the women’s reproductive system functions disorders on the background of thyroid diseases. Influence of thyroid gland on the reproductive system is realized through peripheral endocrine glands (gonads and adrenal glands), and through the central structure (neurotransmitter and the hypothalamic-pituitary system).

Any dysfunction of the thyroid gland (hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism) can lead disruption of the menstrual function, cause infertility and miscarriage. Girls hypothyroidism marked menstrual disorders, delayed puberty, amenorrhea.

Autoimmune thyroiditis as one of the most common diseases of the thyroid gland is associated with miscarriages. Risk of thyroid dysfunction is increased in such patients in pregnancy.

Due to the effect of human chorionic gonadotropin and estrogen on the thyroid gland during pregnancy, there may be transient changes in thyroid hormone levels, which requires differential diagnosis.

Thyroid hormones are essential for normal functioning of the mammary glands, affecting their structural elements. Reduced thyroid function significantly increases the risk of mastitis.

Protective effect in the treatment of breast diseases has potassium iodide drugs.

More than half of women with infertility observed pathology of the thyroid gland, sometimes without clinical manifestations. Every second woman’s menstrual cycle and/or infertility precede thyroid diseases.

All women who live in Ukraine (iodine deficiency region) should appoint an individual iodine prophylaxis on the stage of pregnancy planning (potassium iodide drugs at a dose 200 mg/day).

Thyroid function should monitor in women with menstrual irregularities, infertility and miscarriage. The most informative is evaluation of thyroid-stimulating hormone and free thyroxine and triiodothyronine in blood serum.

TazalokТМ as a complex herbal drug is recommended for women with concomitant thyroid pathology and dyshormonal genital diseases.


Keywords


reproductive system; thyroid gland; phytotherapy; TazalokТМ

References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18370/2309-4117.2016.27.52-57

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