Premenstrual syndrome. as a help for physician

Э. Б. Яковлева, О. М. Бабенко, О. Н. Пилипенко

Abstract


Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) – complex of cyclic symptoms occurring in some women in premenstrual days and is characterized by psychoemotional, vegetovascular, metabolic and endocrine impairments. Today etiopathogenic mechanisms of syndrome are poorly understood. There are many theories to explain the appearance of symptoms of PMS. The most modern theory of the genesis of the PMS is the theory of «disturbances of neurotransmitters metabolism in the CNS».
Depending on the prevalence of certain symptoms are evolved four main clinical forms of the disease. Depending on the number, duration, and intensity of symptoms of PMS distinguish the mild and heavy forms of the disease. Also, there are three stages of the syndrome: compensated, subcompensated and decompensated.
Due to the huge amount of PMS symptoms there are some difficulties in the diagnosis of disease. The basis for the diagnosis is cyclicity of pathological symptoms, occurring a few days before menstruation.
The main therapy methods of premenstrual syndrome are pharmacotherapy, hormone therapy and non-pharmacological treatment. If the effect of the therapy is positive is recommended preventive maintenance treatment, including vitamin pills and tranquilizers.


Keywords


premenstrual syndrome; hormones; vitamin therapy

References


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GOST Style Citations


Duvan C.I., Cumaoglu A., Turhan N.O. et al. «Oxidant/antioxidant status in premenstrual syndrome.» Arch. Gynecol. Obstet,
177(2010):211-219.2. Zukov I., Ptacek R., Raboch J. et al.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18370/2309-4117.2014.18.30-34

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ISSN 2411-1295 (Online), ISSN 2309-4117 (Print)