The state of female reproductive health in Ukraine
Keywords:reproductive health, national family planning system
Reproductive health implies the right of men and women to the information and access to the safe, effective, affordable and acceptable methods of family planning and other methods of birth control that do not contradict the law, and the right to access appropriate health services, which allow a woman to have a safe pregnancy and childbirth, give the parents the best opportunity to give birth to a healthy baby.
Review objective: to analyses of reproductive health of the Ukrainian female population, coverage of the problems and finding the ways to solve them in the context of medical reform in Ukraine.
Materials and methods. The materials were international and Ukrainian documents on this problem, the research methods were bibliosemantic, statistical and structural logical analysis.
Results. The national family planning system in Ukraine has been specially developed according to the world model, the results of which are aimed at the formation of safe sexual behavior among the population, the interest in maintaining and improving personal health and the foundations of responsible fatherhood. This system has become the basis for the formation of the reproductive function of the younger generation and the preservation of reproductive health in the future. The extremely positive changes that have taken place in recent years are currently taking a negative trend, which indicates a failure in the system of maternal and child health and indicates the need to improve organizational and clinical technologies. Despite the positive changes in the organization of perinatal care, the health problems of pregnant women, which are factors in maternal and child health, remain quite complex.
Conclusion. In Ukraine, compared to the leading countries of the world, there is a low level of reproductive health of the female population, which can negatively affect the process of reproduction of the population. This situation requires the development of measures to further influence the factors of reproductive health disorders at the state, sectoral and inter-sectoral levels, and their effective implementation in the activities of health care institutions in the context of administrative and medical reform.
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