Preconception prevention of lactation disorders in women with fibrocystic breast disease
Keywords:fibrocystic breast disease, preconception, lactation
Study objective: to establish the clinical efficacy of 1.0% micronized progesterone gel Progestogel® at the preconception stage in order to prevent lactation disorders in women with fibrocystic breast disease (FBD).
Materials and methods. The main group consisted of 30 women with diffuse forms of FBD who applied on each mammary gland 2.5 g 1.0% micronized progesterone gel Progestogel® for 6 months daily at the stage of pregnancy planning. The comparison group included 30 women with diffuse forms of FBD who did not use Progestogel® at the stage of pregnancy planning. The control group consisted of 30 healthy pregnant women without pathological changes in mammary glands. Stages of observation included preconception period, pregnancy, postpartum period, lactation period and long-term period (6 month after the end of lactation).
Results. Preconception preparation with transdermal 1.0% micronized progesterone gel Progestogel® in patients with diffuse forms of FBD promoted long-term breastfeeding and a regressive course of the breast pathological process. Examination of this group of patients in the long-term period (6 month after the end of lactation) showed no clinical manifestations of the breast disease (pain syndrome and edema) in 24 (80.0%) women and regression of ultrasound signs of FBD in 21 (70.0%) patients. Manifestation of both clinical and echographic signs of the breast disease was diagnosed in 26 (86.7%) women in the comparison group. Transdermal 1.0% micronized progesterone gel in the preconception preparation associated with no complications of the early lactation period in 83.3% of patients and provided a long (12 months) lactation process in 66.7% of patients.
Conclusion. Progestogel® is an effective pathogenically substantiated means of safe therapy for diffuse forms of FBD. The protective effect of 1.0% micronized progesterone gel Progestogel® associated with regression of clinical and echographic manifestations of FBD in 80.0% of women.
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