Problematic issues of diagnosis and treatment of vulvovaginitis of mixed bacterial-candidiasis etiology

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18370/2309-4117.2021.57.43-46

Keywords:

diagnosis, treatment, bacterial-candidiasis vulvovaginitis

Abstract

The aim of the study is to evaluate the effectiveness of modern antiseptic agent Gynodek in the treatment of mixed bacterial-candidiasis vulvovaginitis.
Materials and methods. There were 67 patients with bacterial-candidiasis vulvovaginitis under observation. The diagnosis of candidiasis infection was verified according to the data of clinical and laboratory research methods. Patients received vaginal gel Gynodek 5 ml once a day for 7 days. The effectiveness of treatment was assessed according to the data of the clinical examination before treatment and
on the 7th day of observation, and according to the laboratory (bacterioscopic, bacteriological) data before and after treatment. Complete clinical and bacterial debridement was criteria of the treatment effectiveness.
Results and discussion. The clinical picture of bacterial-fungal vulvovaginitis was characterized by a decrease in the number and severity of symptoms such as hyperemia and edema of the mucous membrane, discharge from the genital tract was not typical.
There were no complaints in 95.5% of the examined women after end of therapy, there were no objective symptoms in all women on the 7th day of treatment. Bacteriological examination after 2 weeks confirmed the therapy effectiveness in 86.6% of women. Peptostreptococcus spp. after treatment sowed at significant concentrations 106–107 CFU/ml only in 1.5% of patients, Streptococcus spp. in 8.9% of women, Candida albicans in 13.4%. Lactobacilli in the amount of 107 CFU/ml were in 86.6% of patients, which indicates a rapid restoration of normal vaginal microflora.
Conclusions. Bacterial-fungal associations of microorganisms in the vaginal biotope lead to a complex clinical symptoms, which makes it difficult to make a timely diagnosis. Gynodek vaginal gel is highly effective against gram-positive, gram-negative and fungal microflora, which makes it the drug of choice in the treatment of bacterial-candidiasis vulvovaginitis. Gynodek creates a comfortable pH, promotes the rapid restoration of own lactoflora, and increases the functional activity of the vaginal mucosa epithelium, which ensures the prevention of vaginal infection recurrence.

Author Biography

О.V. Kravchenko, Higher State Educational Institution of Ukraine “Bukovinian State Medical University”

MD, professor, head of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Perinatology Department

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Published

2021-03-31

Issue

Section

Gynecology

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