Differences in anthropometric, somatotypological and components of body weight composition in teenager girls with primary dysmenorrhea





primary dysmenorrhea, adolescent girls, anthropometric indicators, somatotypological indicators, components of body weight composition


Research aim was to identify differences in anthropometric, somatotypological and components of body weight between the respective groups of healthy teenager girls and patients with primary dysmenorrhea. Identifying such relationships will identify risk groups for primary dysmenorrhea and prevent its occurrence in adolescent girls.
Materials and methods. All materials presented in the article are part of the dissertation “Prognosis, diagnosis and prevention of primary dysmenorrhea in patients of pubertal age with different somatotypes.” Authors analyzed the indicators of 270 teenager girls, among which 200 persons were almost healthy and 70 patients with primary dysmenorrhea.
For examination were used questionnaire-anamnestic method, measurement of anthropometric, somatotypological, components of body weight, ultrasound examination of the pelvic organs in two cycle phases and hormonal profile examination in the follicular and luteal phase of the menstrual cycle and statistical research methods.
Results. Comparing anthropometric, somatotypological and components of body weight between the relevant (general or somatotype) groups of healthy girls and patients with primary dysmenorrhea, between the general group with primary dysmenorrhea and girls with primary dysmenorrhea of different somatotypes, as well as between patients with primary dysmenorrhea different somatotypes found significant differences (p <0.05) or tendencies of differences (p = 0.05) among total body size, body circumference, torso diameter, width of the distal epiphyses of the long tubular bones of the extremities, thickness of skin and fat folds, somatotype components, indicators of body weight composition.
Conclusions. Medicine of the future will be preventive, aimed to identify predictors of pathology, factors influencing the development of nosology, and individual characteristics of teenage girls, which may lead to etiological and pathogenic impulse of clinical progression of primary dysmenorrhea. Therefore, the identification of prognostic markers of primary dysmenorrhea and formation of risk groups can improve not only life quality of a particular girl, but also the reproductive potential of nation.

Author Biographies

H.V. Chaika, National Pirogov Memorial Medical University

MD, professor, head of the Obstetrics and Gynecology Department No. 1

D.G. Konkov, National Pirogov Memorial Medical University

MD, professor, Obstetrics and Gynecology Department No. 1

O.A. Taran, National Pirogov Memorial Medical University

MD, professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology No. 1

B.O. Markevych, National Pirogov Memorial Medical University

Postgraduate student, Obstetrics and Gynecology Department No. 1


  1. “Discriminant models of the possibility of primary dysmenorrhea in girls 14–18 years, depending on the size of the body or sonographic parameters of the uterus and ovaries and hormonal background in different phases of the menstrual cycle.” Biomedical and biosocial anthropology 28 (2017): 59–63.
  2. Yerin, Y.S. “Sex hormones.” Ukrainian Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology 3 (2016): 83–4.
  3. Vovk, I.B., Yuzko, O.M., Vdovichenko, Y.P., eds. Gynecology of children and adolescents: Textbook. Kyiv. “Medicine” (2011): 424 p.
  4. Chaika, G.V., Markevych, B.O., Kucherenko, O.M. “Modern views on the etiology of primary amenorrhea (literature review).” Current issues in pediatrics, obstetrics and gynecology 2 (2015): 183–6.
  5. Chaika, G.V., Markevych, B.O. “Features of sexual development in adolescent girls of different somatotypes with primary dysmenorrhea.” Bulletin of Vinnytsia National Medical University 22.1 (2018): 33–8.
  6. Yerin, Y.S. “Myths versus facts. Hormones of the ‘fountain of youth’.” Ukrainian Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology 2 (2016): 85–6.
  7. Chaika, G.V. “Constitutional patterns of formation of the female reproductive system in almost healthy adolescents and adolescents.” Thesis for MD degree. Vinnytsia National Pirogov Memorial Medical University (2011).
  8. Chaika, G.V. “Medical ‘norm’ and substantiation of the need to develop normative morphofunctional indicators of reproductive health of adolescent girls at different stages of puberty.” Problems, achievements and prospects of development of medical and biological sciences and practical health care 144.IV (2008): 247–351.
  9. Chaika, G.V. “Hormonal profile in somatically healthy adolescent and adolescent girls with different morphotype depending on the phases of the menstrual cycle.” Bulletin of morphology 15.2 (2009): 439–4.
  10. Hietamäki, J., Hero, M. “GnRH receptor gene mutations in adolescents and young adults presenting with signs of partial gonadotropin deficiency.” PLoS One 12 (2017): 11.
  11. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. “Dysmenorrhea and endometriosis in the adolescent. AGOG Committee Opinion № 760.” J Obstet Gynecol 132 (2018): 249–58.
  12. Wolf, M., Stute, P. “Gynecological endocrinology and reproductive medicine.” Moscow. MEDpress-inform (2018): 512 p.
  13. Jacobsen, B. K., Knutsen, S. F., Oda, K. “Body mass index at age 20 and subsequent childbearing: The Adventist Health Study-2.” J Womens Health (Larchmt) 22.5 (2013): 460–6.
  14. Matiegka, J., Amer, J. “The testing of physical efficiency.” Phys Antropol 2.3 (2015): 25–38.
  15. Herter, L.D., Golendziner, E., Flores, J.A., et al. “Ovarian and uterine findings in pelvic sonography. Comparison between prepubertal girls, girls with isolated thelarche, and girls with central precocious puberty.” Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine 15 (2012): 237–46.
  16. Mermier, C.M., Janot, J.M., Parker, D.L., Swan, J.G. “Physiological and anthropometric determinants of sport climbing performance.” British J of Sport Medicine 38 (2012): 59–65.
  17. Andreeva, V.O., Mashtalova, A.A. “Dysmenorrhea in adolescents – problems of diagnosis and treatment prospects.” RZDP 5 (2015): 10–20.
  18. Krutova, V.A., Tulendinova, A.I., Aslanyan, I.A. “On the issue of relief of pelvic pain in dysmenorrhea in adolescence.” RZDP 4 (2016): 57–60.
  19. Tatarchuk, T.F. “Predictors of reproductive health disorders.” Reproductive endocrinology 43 (2018): 62–7.
  20. Lopatina, L.A. “Anthropometric characteristics of girls according to the classification of J. Tanner.” Basic research 12 (2013): 504–8.
  21. Bulyk, R.E., Prokopenko, S.V., Semenchenko, V.V. “The importance of assessing the relationship between the constitutional parameters of the body and hemodynamic parameters in normal and in various pathological conditions.” Bulletin of Vinnytsia National Medical University 19.2 (2015): 531–5.
  22. Strelkovich, T.N. “Anthropometric characteristics of the pelvis of women depending on the somatotype.” In the world of scientific discoveries 2 (2012): 60–73.
  23. Iacovides, S., Avidon, I., Baker, F.C. “What we know about primary dysmenorrhea today : A critical review.” Hum Reprod Update 21 (2015): 762–78.
  24. Mrugacz, G., Grygoruk, C., Sieczynski, V., et al. “Etiopathogenesis of dysmenorrhea.” Med Wieku Rozwoj 17.1 (2013): 85–9.
  25. Vovk, I.B., Kondratyuk, V.K. “Sexual development disorders in girls.” Medical aspects of women's health 3 (2015): 5–11.
  26. Tatarchuk, T.F., Kalugina, L.V. “New directions in the treatment of premenstrual stress syndrome.” Women's Health 3 (2017): 47.
  27. Polzik, E.V., Kazantsev, V.S., Yakusheva, M.Y., et al. “Theory and methods of assessing predisposition to disease. Forecasting in clinical medicine.” In: Materials of XXX International scientific-practical conference “Innovations in Science” (2014).
  28. Nikityuk, D.B., Nikolenko, V.N. “Body mass index and other anthropometric indicators of physical status, taking into account age and individual-typological features of the constitution of women.” Nutrition issues 4 (2015): 47–54.



How to Cite

Chaika, H. ., Konkov, D. ., Taran, O. ., & Markevych, B. . (2021). Differences in anthropometric, somatotypological and components of body weight composition in teenager girls with primary dysmenorrhea. REPRODUCTIVE ENDOCRINOLOGY, (57), 29–36. https://doi.org/10.18370/2309-4117.2021.57.29-36