Epidemiology of sexually transmitted infections in Ukraine
Keywords:sexually transmitted infections, population of Ukraine, reproductive age
Purpose of the study – to analyze the structure and morbidity patterns of control of sexually transmitted infections (STI) for the period from 2014 to 2019 in accordance with data collected by the Statistical Department of the MoH of Ukraine.
Materials and methods. It was analyzed data on the STI incidence in entire population, namely from 15 years to 60 years and older, female and male, the prevalence of diseases depending on the place of residence (city or village) was performed. Particular attention is paid to the STI analysis in women and men of reproductive age. Data from the temporarily occupied territories of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, Donetsk, Luhansk Oblasts and the city of Sevastopol are missing.
Results. The incidence of STI over 5 years (2014–2019) changed as follows: syphilis decreased by almost 1.5 times (from 8.65 to 6.01 per 100,000), but remained significantly high at reproductive age (13.25 vs. 9.56 per 100,000), men are more susceptible. Significant reduction in the incidence of gonorrhea from 14.85 to 7.97 per 100,000, by 1.8 times, but among men and women of reproductive age 2.5 and 3 times more (37.26 and 24.12 per 100,000), men are more susceptible. Cases of chlamydial infection decreased from 53.02 to 32.54 per 100,000, and were more common in the age group of 18–39 years, men are more susceptible. The incidence of trichomoniasis decreased by 1.6 times from 128.77 to 79.79 per 100,000. The incidence of trichomoniasis was the highest at reproductive age – 320.87 in 2014 and 210.78 in 2019 per 100,000, more often found in women. The incidence of urogenital mycoplasmosis also decreased over 5 years from 71.88 to 51.94 per 100,000, by 1.3 times, women are more susceptible. The urban population suffers from STI 2.5–3 times more than the rural population.
Conclusion. STI is a national health problem in Ukraine. Prevention, early diagnosis and modern adequate treatment of a couple with STI are the key to reducing the incidence of male and female infertility.
- World Health Organization. Global Incidence and Prevalence of Selected Curable Sexually Transmitted Infections. Geneva. WHO (2012): 20 p.
- World Health Organization. Global strategy for the prevention and control of sexually transmitted infections: 2006–2015. Breaking the chain of transmission. Available from: [https://www.who.int/reproductivehealth/publications/rtis/9789241563475/en/], last accessed Dec 17, 2020.
- World Health Organization. Global health sector strategy on sexually transmitted infections 2016–2021: Towards ending STIs. Geneva. WHO (2016): 60 p.
- Prevention of HIV spreading by using of a system of therapeutic and prophylactic measures against sexually transmitted infections. Thesis for MD degree, specialty 14.01.20 “Skin and venereal diseases.” Kharkiv. SI “Institute of Dermatology and Venereology of the NAMS of Ukraine” (2016).
- Andreychyn, M.A. “Dangerous Dynamics of Infectious Morbidity in Ukraine.” Infectious diseases 2.88 (2017): 4–8.
- Kubanova, A.A., Melekhina, L.E., Kubanov, A.A., Bogdanova, E.V. “Syphilis incidence in Russian Federation in 2004–2013.” Vestnik Dermatologii i Venerologii 5 (2014): 24–31.
- Kubanova, A.A., Kubanov, A.A., Melekhina, L.E., Bogdanova, E.V. “Dermatology and venereology in Russian Federation. Results of 2014. Main successes, achievements. Paths of development.” Vestnik Dermatologii i Venerologii 4 (2015): 13–26.
- Kubanova, A.A., Kubanov, A.A., Melekhina, L.E., Bogdanova, E.V. “Syphilis incidence rate in the Russian Federation in 2010–2014.” Vestnik Dermatologii i Venerologii 5 (2015): 15–23.
- World Health Organization. WHO guidelines for the treatment of Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Geneva. WHO (2016). Available from: [http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/246114/1/9789241549691-eng.pdf].
- Mavrov, H.I., Shcherbakova, Y.V., Osinska, T.V. “Novel Methods of Containment of Sexually Transmitted Infections.” Infectious diseases 1.95 (2019): 4–10.
- Lenkin, S.G., Lyutsko, V.V. “The Structure of sexually trans¬mitted infections in the period from 2009 to 2013.” Sovremennye problemy nauki i obrazovaniya 2.1 (2015): 123–6.
- Bondarenko, G.M., Mavrov, G.I., Osinska, T.V., et al. “Trichomonas vaginalis prenatal invasion as a problem of reproductive medicine.” Journal of the NAMS of Ukraine 22.3–4 (2016): 368–76.
- State Statistics Committee of Russian Federation. The incidence of diseases of sexually transmitted infections. Rossiyskiy statisticheskiy ezhenedelnik (2015). Chapter 8 (Health): 230.
- “Information about infectious and parasitic diseases (form No 1) for January–December 2015.” Epidemiology and infectious diseases. The actual issues 1 (2016): 73–7.
- Lenkin, S.G. “The incidence of sexually transmitted infections in different age.” Sovremennye problemy nauki i obrazovaniya 3 (2015): 119–23.
- Ministry of Health of Ukraine. Indicators of treatment and prevention of patients with skin and sexually transmitted diseases in Ukraine. Kyiv. Center for Medical Statistics of the MoH of Ukraine (2018): 112 p.
- Makarenko, M.V., Govseev, D.A., Popovsky, A.S. “The role of urogenital infection in pregravid preparation of women of fertile age.” Women's health 1.97 (2015): 118–21.
- Institute of Medicine. The Hidden Epidemic: Confronting Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Washington, DC. National Academy Press (1996).
- Yuldasheva, Z.Z., Zhurumbaeva, S.K., Ivanova, Y.S., Mezentseva, N.M. “STIs and reproductive health (literature review).” Bulletin of KazNMU 2 (2015): 17–20.
- Manapova, E.R., Fazylov, V.H., Beshimov, A.T. “Sexually-transmitted infections in HIV infected patients.” HIV Infection and immunosuppressive disorders 11.1 (2019): 71–4.
- Timoshilov, V.I., Sidorov, G.A., Agarkova, T.A., et al. “The quality of prevention of socially conditioned diseases among young people in the expert assessments of doctors.” Actual problems of medicine in modern conditions: Collection of scientific papers based on the results of an international scientific and practical conference. Sankt-Petersburg. ICTRON (2015): 108–11.
- European (IUSTI/WHO) Guideline on the Management of Vaginal Discharge 2018. Available from: [http://www.iusti.org/regions/europe/pdf/2018/IUSTIvaginal].
- Russian society of obstetricians-gynecologists. Diagnostics and treatment of diseases accompanied by pathological discharge from the genital tract of women. Clinical guidelines. Moscow (2014): 50 p.
- Kanda, Y. “Investigation of the freely available easy-to-use software ‘EZR’ for medical statistics.” Bone Marrow Transplant 48 (2013): 452–8.
- Lyakh, Y.E., Guryanov, V.G., Khomenko, V.N., Panchenko, O.A. Fundamentals of computer biostatistics: analysis of information in biology, medicine and pharmacy using the MedStat statistical package. Donetsk. Papakitsa EK (2006): 214 p.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2020 O. I. Krotik
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.