A few steps before ..., or how to protect a pregnant woman from iron deficiency and anemia. Literature review
Keywords:iron deficiency anemia, anemia of chronic disease, iron deficiency, obstetric and perinatal complications, prevention, pregravid preparation, liposomal iron, Ferroview
The article presents modern data on the etiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, prevention and treatment of iron deficiency anemia (IDA) and anemia of chronic disease, as well as their combination on the eve of and during pregnancy. The emphasis is made on the role of iron deficiency of any etiology in the development of obstetric and perinatal complications, especially its impact on the central nervous system formation and further psychophysical child development. Need for prevention of iron deficiency states in risk groups which includes all women of reproductive age who have menstruation is shown based on evidence-based medicine data. Effectiveness and safety of modern drugs containing iron in oral and parenteral forms has analyzed. The paper presents data on the safety and effectiveness of an innovative form of ferric iron in the form of liposomal iron, which differs in the mechanism of action, digestibility and the absence of side effects typical for this group of drugs.According to various authors the frequency of IDA in pregnant women ranges up to 80%, in puerperas up to 40%. It is unimpossible to stop IDA without iron supplementation only with an iron-rich diet. Two main groups of iron preparations are used to correct iron deficiency differing in the valence of iron atoms – bivalent iron salts and trivalent complexes. These drugs differ in the tolerability and bioavailability of atomic iron. Liposomal iron is a new drug for treatment of iron deficiency and IDA today; it has an innovative way of iron delivery to the body. Liposomal iron has advantages for the prevention of anemia in patients with anemia of chronic disease or its combination with IDA (inflammatory bowel diseases, obesity, after resection of the stomach and intestines, etc.). An innovative form of liposomal iron in Ukraine is represented by a dietary supplement Ferroview containing 30 mg of elemental iron, that is corresponds to the average prophylactic dose recommended in WHO documents
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