Current state of reproductive potential of Ukrainian women
Keywords:demographic development, reproductive potential, reproduction of the population, childbearing activity, reproductive losses.
Objective of the study: to assess the main indicators of the reproductive potential of women in Ukraine in dynamics over the period 2000-2018.
Materials and methods. Analysis was performed using the data of the State Statistics Service of Ukraine and the State Institution “Center for Medical Statistics of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine” for the period 2000–2018. The methods of a systematic approach, structural-logical, epidemiological analysis were used.
Results. Reproductive process dynamic in Ukraine in the XXI century had nonlinear character – increase in the general fertility rate from 7.7 per 1000 population in 2000 to 11.4 in 2012 and the total fertility rate from 1.11 to 1.6, respectively with further deterioration trend – 8.7 and 1.3 in 2018, respectively. Low rates of population reproduction in Ukraine in the XXI century were kept on the background of insufficient resources to ensure the reproduction of the country's population – decrease of the number of women of childbearing age from 12,582.7 thousand in 2000 to 9,998.6 thousand in 2018 with adverse changes in the age profile towards older age groups, high level incidence of reproductive system in women.
In 2000–2018 years there is a high level with a negative trend in the prevalence of menstrual disorders (increase by 38.5%), cervical inflammatory diseases (increase by 82.5%), malignant neoplasms of uterine body (increase by 39,9%), mammary glands (increase by 11.99%), cervix (increase by 5.06%), high frequency, with a negative trend, in the incidence of diabetes in pregnant (increase by 662.5%), thyroid disease (increase by 17.3%), circulatory system diseases (increase by 34.4%), urogenital system (increase by 8.7%). In the same time it was achieved a reduction of reproductive losses due to forced abortions by 1.75 times, decrease of mortality during first year of life by 1.7 times and feto-infantile losses of 1.4 times. Conclusion. In recent decades, in Ukraine kept unfavorable demographic situation - decrease in population due to extremely high mortality with low birth rates and low life expectancy.
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Copyright (c) 2020 Ю. Г. Антипкин, В. Ф. Лапшин, Р. В. Марушко, О. О. Дудіна, Н. Ю. Бондаренко
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